Planting cotton can be successful if you pay enough attention to the soil’s nutrient needs and its temperature. The soil’s nutrients will have a big role in supplying the daily nutrient needs of the plants and this will greatly affect its growth and harvest. Pima cotton needs nitrogen rich and moist soil with a temperature of 60 degrees at the time of planting. It also needs fertilization and irrigation to ensure healthy cotton plant with fluffy fibers.
Approximately six months before you plant, you should check the soil for its quality and viability for the cotton. The soil is considered as one of the most important resources in planting as it will dictate the growth and health of the plant. Nutrient content and proper irrigation will play a key role as the plant grows and counters other entities like pest infestation. You can also add lime to the soil to increase its nutrients. You should do this few months before planting to give it enough time to chemically bond with the soil.
Tilling and cultivation of the soil will also help the plant’s root for aeration. Doing this 2 inches deep would suffice for the plant’s air and water need. As the soil is tilled the roots can be aerated and water can easily penetrate deep down. This will allow for more growth during the whole course of planting.
Irrigation will help the soil to be moist and is easy to work with. Irrigate the soil to the point of saturation to help water reach the root level. In this way, water supply is ensured for your plants that usually need a moist soil. Cultivation of cotton needs enough irrigation especially during hot season when water easily evaporates.
The soil’s temperature is also beneficial to the plant’s growth. Insert a thermometer 6 inches into the soil after the threat of frost has passed. Check it every morning and make sure that the temperature ranges from 58-60 degrees Fahrenheit. Do this for 3 consecutive days.
You can plant the cotton seeds in group of three. Dig down 1 inch into the soil and place the cotton seeds into the hole. Make sure to provide 4 inches space between the plants to allow for better growth. Irrigate the plants four to five weeks after their first growth is visible.
Knowing the techniques on how to plant your cotton will greatly help you to produce quality crops. Cotton cultivation requires the right resources and skills to ensure plant’s proper growth and development.
Cotton is one of the most useful crops in the country. It can be used for hygienic purposes, for making yarns, and many other more. This crop usually grows in countries with subtropical climate and they require average temperature of 60 degrees Fahrenheit for germination and 70-80 degrees Fahrenheit for vegetative growth. Cotton cultivation would also require an annual rainfall of at least 50 cm. These factors should be maintained to ensure quality cotton harvest that can serve different purposes for us.
In cotton cultivation, the soil will be one of the resources to be considered. Good soil quality is beneficial for the plant’s growth as it will supply the needed nutrients for it to grow well. It will also need an excellent water holding capacity and aeration and a good drainage because it cannot withstand moisture and logging. Red sand loam, alluvial soils, and black soils are group of soils that are best for cotton cultivation. Seed rate and spacing should also be considered as it will surely affect the growth of the crop. A recommended seed rate of 15-25 kg/hectare and spacing of 75-90 cm between the rows is important especially in irrigated conditions. On the other hand, 12-16 kg/hectare and spacing of 45-60 cm between rows is good for dryland cotton.
Planting and harvesting time are also important factors as they affect the quality and quantity of pima cotton distribution in the market. The sowing of cotton begins in the first week of February in South Texas while in northern areas of the Cotton Belt it begins on first week of June. Proper timing should be considered as a specific season provides more opportunity for the plant to grow fully.
Fertilizers also play a role in cotton production. Its application depends on every state and the soil’s available nutrients. Chemicals like nitrogen and phosphorus are considered economical for dryland cotton crop. Nitrogen is usually applied in two doses, the half is applied at the time of sowing and the other one is applied as top dressing during thinning or before flowering.
Long fiber cotton requires additional soil preparation before sowing. This may involve ploughing, loosening, and harrowing to make the soil more suitable for cultivation. This is more helpful for mass production of long fiber cotton as it provide more nutrients and viable environment for its growth.
Cotton cultivation and production requires special attention on factors like soil and the application of the fertilizer. The quality of the crop depends on factors that affect its growth and viability. Planting and harvesting this crop would require knowledge and proper timing to allow for more quality production.
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Cotton can serve several uses ranging from yarn making, pillows, and hygienic purposes. How to successfully plant and harvest this crop requires skills and techniques to ensure quality on its products. Harvesting cotton can be done in the early fall if you have managed to plant it in early spring. Protecting it from different pests like squirrels and aphids will also help you to produce quality crops that can go a long way with its products. Harvesting is as important as planting as it also requires proper timing and skills.
During the whole season of the pima cotton you should be able to guard it from all kinds of pests that can destroy it. Oftentimes, pests attack the bolls and it would surely be a damage not only to the crop itself but also to your sales. You can wait for the bolls to mature or open but this may also cause them to be attacked by predators. You may use pesticides to deal with this or you may opt for natural pest control which can be easily done with flowers or other plants.
Defoliation should also be considered if the crop is large enough to require commercial equipment. This should be done when several bolls have already opened in each plant. There are several ways on how to do this like using chemicals available in the market or through organic method. This will enable plants to get rid of excessive growth which can greatly affect the harvest.
When harvesting, there are two types of commercial cotton pickers that you can use. You can choose from the spindle type or the brush stripper. The spindle type is the most common but the brush stripper is still being used in southern part of the United States. The choice for the right cotton picker will greatly depend on the crop owner and the technique on how it will be harvested.
You can begin harvesting your crop by clearing six to eight rows of long fiber cotton. You should use a Module Builder to form a mound of cotton into a tightly compressed stack. This machine will compress the cotton to hold 6-8 bales.
You should ensure that your crop is safe from pests and other things that can damage it. By doing this, you will be sure on the quality of your harvest which can greatly produce quality products. Quality pima cotton can be used in making fabulous yarns and other products that are made out of it. Proper method of harvesting cotton will not only help you reap the benefits of long planting but will also ensure quality once it reaches the market.