Planting cotton can be successful if you pay enough attention to the soil’s nutrient needs and its temperature. The soil’s nutrients will have a big role in supplying the daily nutrient needs of the plants and this will greatly affect its growth and harvest. Pima cotton needs nitrogen rich and moist soil with a temperature of 60 degrees at the time of planting. It also needs fertilization and irrigation to ensure healthy cotton plant with fluffy fibers.
Approximately six months before you plant, you should check the soil for its quality and viability for the cotton. The soil is considered as one of the most important resources in planting as it will dictate the growth and health of the plant. Nutrient content and proper irrigation will play a key role as the plant grows and counters other entities like pest infestation. You can also add lime to the soil to increase its nutrients. You should do this few months before planting to give it enough time to chemically bond with the soil.
Tilling and cultivation of the soil will also help the plant’s root for aeration. Doing this 2 inches deep would suffice for the plant’s air and water need. As the soil is tilled the roots can be aerated and water can easily penetrate deep down. This will allow for more growth during the whole course of planting.
Irrigation will help the soil to be moist and is easy to work with. Irrigate the soil to the point of saturation to help water reach the root level. In this way, water supply is ensured for your plants that usually need a moist soil. Cultivation of cotton needs enough irrigation especially during hot season when water easily evaporates.
The soil’s temperature is also beneficial to the plant’s growth. Insert a thermometer 6 inches into the soil after the threat of frost has passed. Check it every morning and make sure that the temperature ranges from 58-60 degrees Fahrenheit. Do this for 3 consecutive days.
You can plant the cotton seeds in group of three. Dig down 1 inch into the soil and place the cotton seeds into the hole. Make sure to provide 4 inches space between the plants to allow for better growth. Irrigate the plants four to five weeks after their first growth is visible.
Knowing the techniques on how to plant your cotton will greatly help you to produce quality crops. Cotton cultivation requires the right resources and skills to ensure plant’s proper growth and development.